Robert Mugabe, Zimbabwe’s first post-independence leader, has died aged 95. He died after battling ill health, his family confirmed to the
BBC. Mr Mugabe had been in hospital in Singapore since April. He was ousted in a military coup in November 2017, ending three decades in
He won Zimbabwe’s first election after independence, becoming prime minister in 1980. He abolished the office in 1987, becoming
Mugabe’s early years were praised for broadening access to health and education for the black majority. But his controversial land reform
programme sparked an economic collapse and his latter years were marked by rights abuses and corruption.
His successor, Zimbabwean president Emmerson Mnangagwa, expressed his “utmost sadness”, calling Mr Mugabe “Zimbabwe’s founding
father” and “an icon of liberation”.
It is with the utmost sadness that I announce the passing on of Zimbabwe's founding father and former President, Cde Robert Mugabe (1/2)
— President of Zimbabwe (@edmnangagwa) September 6, 2019
Mr Mugabe was born on 21 February 1924, in what was then Rhodesia. He was imprisoned for more than a decade without trial after
criticising the government of Rhodesia in 1964.
In 1973, while still in prison, he was chosen as president of the Zimbabwe African National Union (Zanu), of which he was a founding